Radiation shielded cabinets are an essential component of various industries, including healthcare, nuclear medicine, and nuclear power. These cabinets protect individuals from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation that can cause damage to living tissue and DNA.
However, when it comes to radiation shielded cabinets, quality and reliability are critical factors that must be considered to ensure optimal safety.
High-Density Materials for Radiation Shielding
One crucial aspect of maintaining quality and reliability in radiation shielded cabinets is through the use of high-density materials such as lead and tungsten. High attenuation properties make these materials popular choices, as they can absorb the majority of X-rays and gamma rays. Lead is a preferred option for radiation shielding, given its high density and cost-effectiveness.
The cabinets themselves are typically made of steel and lined with lead sheets that can absorb most X-rays and gamma rays that pass through them. The thickness of the lead lining is an essential factor in determining the effectiveness of the cabinets. The thickness of the lead lining is calculated based on the energy of the radiation source and the distance from the source to the cabinet. This is to ensure that the cabinet provides adequate protection against ionizing radiation.
Regular Testing for Quality and Reliability
Another crucial aspect of maintaining quality and reliability in radiation shielded cabinets is through regular testing of the components. Testing is essential to ensure that the cabinets are functioning correctly and providing adequate protection against ionizing radiation. Siemens Healthineers, for example, conducts thorough testing of their machines to ensure quality and safety. The testing process emits a low amount of radiation, ensuring the safety of the operators and anyone nearby.
Testing typically involves the use of radiation survey meters to measure the amount of radiation that penetrates the cabinet. The meters are placed outside the cabinet, and the measurements are used to calculate the cabinet’s shielding effectiveness. If the measurements indicate that the cabinet is not providing adequate protection, steps are taken to identify and address the issue.
Quality Assurance Procedures for Radiation Safety
Quality assurance is another critical aspect of maintaining high standards of radiation safety. Quality assurance procedures involve structured actions and procedures aimed at ensuring the quality and effectiveness of diagnostic or treatment processes, thus reducing the risk of accidents. Such actions include specialized and systematic verification to ensure the proper functioning of the equipment and the safety of patients and staff.
For example, quality assurance procedures may involve regular inspections of the radiation shielding cabinets, equipment calibration, and maintenance. Staff may also undergo training to increase their awareness of ionizing radiation hazards and learn correct equipment handling procedures.